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3610 Calle Cuervo NW
Albuquerque, NM 87114
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3610 Calle Cuervo NW
Albuquerque, NM 87114

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

February 8, 2023
What Causes Periodontal Disease?

According to a CDC report, it is estimated that 47.2% of adults 30 years of age and older have some form of periodontal disease. And this number only increases with age. 

When it comes to oral health, so much time is spent focusing on teeth, but the gums are just as important. Periodontal disease is an infection that affects the soft tissues of the gums and, if not addressed, can lead to tooth and bone loss. 

Signs of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease comes with many warning signs to look out for. And taking action when you first spot them is a must. Below are the most common signs of gum disease: 

  • Receding gums (or the appearance that teeth are getting longer)
  • Noticing blood when spitting after brushing and flossing
  • Bleeding gums
  • Swollen, sore gums
  • Chronic bad breath
  • Red, purple gums
  • Loose teeth (or lost teeth)
  • Pain when chewing
  • New gaps forming between teeth

Any time you notice a small change in your teeth or gums, it is so important to visit your dentist for an examination. However, with routine dental visits, your dentist will be able to spot signs of periodontal disease even when you can’t.

What Causes Periodontal Disease? 

The most common cause of periodontal disease is plaque. This sticky film of bacteria latches onto your teeth and can wreak havoc within your mouth. 

Plaque comes from the starches and sugars found in foods you consume. It can hang around your mouth and mix with bacteria as it hardens into tartar. This can be on your teeth - and below the gum line.

The longer plaque and tartar remain on your teeth, the worse damage they can do. And, since brushing cannot remove tartar - it is going to stick around for a while unless you make an appointment with your dental hygienist. 

Are some people more prone to gum disease than others? Everyone is at risk for gum disease on some level, but there are a few risk factors that can increase the chances, including: 

  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Medications that cause dry mouth
  • Hormonal changes (especially in females)
  • Genetics

Preventing Periodontal Disease

The prevention of periodontal disease really comes down to how well you care for your teeth. Having a good oral hygiene routine, consisting of: 

  • Brushing at least twice per day
  • Flossing daily
  • Using a good mouthwash every day (get recommendations from your dentist)

More than that, though, you need to make visiting your dentist a priority every 6 months. Professional cleanings and routine exams can allow your teeth and gums to have the best chance of being free from gum disease. 

Treatment for Periodontal Disease 

If you are showing any signs of periodontal disease, you do not want to delay seeking treatment. While it can only be reversed in its very early stages, it is possible to halt further damage with the right attention. 

At Davis Gribble Hollowwa Dental, we have the tools to help you once again have healthier gums. 

To learn more, contact us today at 505-898-1976.

Contact our office today to schedule your appointment!

3610 Calle Cuervo NW Albuquerque, NM 87114
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